Political Contributions Network

Hi – I just launched another network project courtesy of Gephi and Sigma.js, my two favorite tools of the moment. You can find it here, or in a full web version here. This one, like its immediate predecessor, is founded in politics, and more specifically in tracking political contributions – who gives to whom. The paths in this network detail thousands of political candidates, and the many PACs, corporations, foundations, and trade associations that help fund their campaign efforts. Of course these connections also create a sort of influence network that could never be achieved by individual voters, and help explain why so many decisions are made that run counter to the will of the people.

While this one doesn’t focus on dollar amounts, it nonetheless paints a compelling picture for how political influence is meted out. Fringe candidates, frequently outside the embedded American two party system, are depicted near the perimeter of the graph, receiving little or no support from most major donors. Incumbent Democrats and Republicans, on the other hand, are situated at the center of the network, receiving contributions from dozens or even hundreds of PACs, unions, corporations, and trade associations.

Here are a few screenshots from the graph, which is fully interactive through the use of filters, scrolling, zooming, and panning, thanks to the wonders of javascript via Sigma.js. First up is a shot of the full network:

galaxy_all

The multiple colors reflect the multitude of political parties (yes, beyond the dominant two-party monopoly) plus the hordes of contributors – corporations, unions, trade associations, and more.

One of the great features of interactive networks is the ability to dive into the details. For starters, lets take a look at the Nancy Pelosi neighbor network, which should provide a nice glimpse into the donor network for an entrenched, influential Democratic candidate:

galaxy_pelosi

What we see is a well-connected network populated by dozens of contributors. Now let’s go to the other side of the aisle and take a look at the donor network of John Boehner, an influential Republican incumbent:

galaxy_boehner

The Boehner network is even more dense than the Pelosi network. We should note that many contributing organizations may be found in both the Pelosi and Boehner camps, although the overlap will be somewhat mitigated by the Democrat versus Republican differences. What they do have in common are a huge number of contributors determined to influence policy, often at the expense of the voting public.

Our final screenshot displays many of the PACs in the network – more than 2,600 in total. The attribute pane on the right of the display will show each and every one of these when you use the category filter to the left of the screen:

galaxy_pacs

I hope you find some value in navigating and learning more about the scores of organizations involved in trying to influence policy through congressional gatekeepers. Bear in mind we haven’t even touched on the unelected portions of the government residing in the halls of the CIA, FBI, and Department of Defense. That will be the subject of a future network.

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kc2519

kc2519

Ken Cherven is the Founder and Curator of the Visual-Baseball.com website. He loves to merge baseball data with all sorts of visualization methods - charts, network graphs, maps, etc. to provide greater insight into underlying data patterns. Ken also authors books about baseball and visualization, and loves to listen to jazz while drinking some wine, craft beer, or bourbon.